Euroalue ykkösenä 1999-2019 ympäristöä säästävässä kasvussa

Kuten tunnettua, talouskasvu tuhoaa luontoa. Mitä matalampi kasvu, sitä paremmin luonto voi. Vertailin eri talousalueiden kasvua 1999 -2019. Maailman talous on tällä aikavälillä kasvanut 1,84 kertaiseksi. Venäjän (2,04) himo aineelliseen hyvään luonnon kustannuksella hävettää naapurina. Myanmar (6,18) ja Kiina (5,61) eivät ympäristöä säästä.

Alla järjestetty lista. Luku nimen perässä kertoo kuinka paljon suurempi bkt oli 2019 kuin 1999. (Kaava, 2019 bkt / 1999 bkt)

 

Euro Zone 1,31
European Union 28 1,37
Other Western Europe 1,44
Other Europe 1,47
North America 1,52
Latin America 1,65
South America 1,69
Other Caribbean Central America 1,76
Oceania 1,77
World 1,84
Recently Acceded Countries 1,96
Other Central Europe 1,99
Other Oceania 2,09
Middle East 2,11
Other South America 2,12
Other Middle East 2,12
Former Soviet Union 2,24
Africa 2,32
Other Southeast Asia 2,61
Other Asia Oceania 2,68
Other South Asia 2,73
Southeast Asia 2,74
Asia and Oceania 2,78
Asia 2,88
South Asia 3,30
Other Former Soviet Union 3,44
Other East Asia 3,83

 

Koska tuo alueiden vertailu häivyttää yksittäisten valtioiden osuuden, julkaisen myös pidemmän listan josta käy ilmi Suomen rakkaus puhtaaseen metsäluontoon sekä Saksan kyky hillitä kulutushimoa.

 

Lajiteltu lista, luontoa säästävin ensin.

Muutama valtio korostettu väreillä. (Ihmetyttää miksi Haiti ja Tonga eivät ole euromaita, taloushan on sopeutunut eurokasvuun hyvin.)

 

Country 1999 2019 Kerroin
Venezuela 359,76 193,80 0,54
Yemen 34,05 19,42 0,57
Syria 22,78 19,13 0,84
Zimbabwe 20,80 20,29 0,98
Puerto Rico 96,42 95,63 0,99
Greece 194,43 206,82 1,06
Italy 1774,20 1911,49 1,08
Barbados 4,22 4,82 1,14
Central African Republic 1,72 1,98 1,15
Jamaica 12,74 14,91 1,17
Bahamas 10,31 12,21 1,18
Portugal 186,21 220,69 1,19
Libya 34,06 40,47 1,19
Japan 3814,54 4552,22 1,19
Brunei 11,03 13,28 1,20
Haiti 7,09 9,00 1,27
Tonga 0,34 0,44 1,28
Germany 2750,95 3594,11 1,31
Euro Zone 9194,87 12036,51 1,31
Denmark 253,44 334,21 1,32
France 1968,44 2605,32 1,32
Dominica 0,42 0,56 1,33
European Union 15 12209,82 16306,99 1,34
Netherlands 618,11 840,66 1,36
European Union 28 13000,25 17853,11 1,37
Finland 185,32 254,78 1,37
Europe 13851,47 19100,24 1,38
Eritrea 3,70 5,10 1,38
Austria 300,91 415,69 1,38
St. Lucia 1,46 2,03 1,39
Norway 293,46 408,81 1,39
Belgium 352,49 491,83 1,40
Argentina 398,79 570,47 1,43
Spain 922,35 1322,40 1,43
Belgium Luxembourg 387,98 556,67 1,43
Other Western Europe 807,11 1159,39 1,44
United Kingdom 2174,02 3125,43 1,44
Switzerland 502,54 730,07 1,45
Other Europe 851,21 1247,13 1,47
Croatia 37,78 55,88 1,48
El Salvador 17,35 25,77 1,49
Mexico 834,64 1254,60 1,50
St. Vincent Grenadines 0,53 0,80 1,50
United States 13205,33 19971,86 1,51
Iran 241,23 366,19 1,52
North America 14203,05 21653,46 1,52
Gabon 9,88 15,38 1,56
Fiji 3,38 5,29 1,57
Sweden 348,20 545,56 1,57
Brazil 1136,55 1809,84 1,59
Slovenia 31,14 49,69 1,60
Ukraine 63,41 101,80 1,61
Cyprus 14,62 23,67 1,62
St. Kitts Nevis 0,61 0,98 1,62
Antigua and Barbuda 1,01 1,63 1,62
Burundi 1,97 3,21 1,63
Samoa 0,53 0,87 1,63
Latin America 3210,74 5289,91 1,65
Solomon Islands 0,80 1,32 1,65
Uruguay 34,13 56,60 1,66
Hungary 87,76 146,41 1,67
South Africa 194,45 326,44 1,68
Canada 997,73 1681,59 1,69
South America 2029,37 3426,33 1,69
Grenada 0,68 1,16 1,70
Swaziland/Eswatini 2,51 4,36 1,73
Other North Africa 152,05 264,00 1,74
Vanuatu 0,50 0,87 1,74
New Zealand 115,50 201,23 1,74
Czech Republic 120,66 210,70 1,75
Macedonia 6,36 11,13 1,75
Suriname 2,67 4,68 1,75
Other Caribbean Central America 346,73 608,98 1,76
Australia 841,86 1491,61 1,77
Oceania 975,80 1731,43 1,77
Guyana 2,06 3,68 1,79
Trinidad and Tobago 12,60 22,89 1,82
Madagascar 7,36 13,41 1,82
Gambia 0,89 1,63 1,83
Luxembourg 35,48 64,84 1,83
Nicaragua 7,04 12,89 1,83
World 45655,72 83881,55 1,84
Iceland 11,11 20,51 1,85
Tunisia 24,95 46,17 1,85
Lebanon 25,54 47,32 1,85
Lesotho 1,34 2,49 1,86
Seychelles 0,87 1,63 1,87
Oman 38,66 73,68 1,91
Algeria 93,04 177,35 1,91
Belize 0,94 1,80 1,92
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,47 18,17 1,92
Paraguay 21,28 40,91 1,92
Ecuador 52,80 101,74 1,93
Guinea-Bissau 0,66 1,28 1,95
Kuwait 58,51 114,23 1,95
World Less USA 32810,14 64103,49 1,95
Recently Acceded Countries 790,43 1546,12 1,96
Côte d’Ivoire 30,72 60,16 1,96
Saudi Arabia 346,09 678,58 1,96
Israel 175,64 345,66 1,97
Mauritania 3,55 6,99 1,97
Guatemala 35,74 70,51 1,97
Republic of Congo 4,15 8,22 1,98
Other Central Europe 44,11 87,74 1,99
Hong Kong 166,73 333,46 2,00
Serbia 22,61 45,45 2,01
Bulgaria 28,61 57,97 2,03
Togo 2,51 5,09 2,03
Russia 709,48 1445,49 2,04
Latvia 14,90 30,50 2,05
Taiwan 288,52 595,21 2,06
Namibia 5,39 11,16 2,07
Chile 126,51 263,71 2,08
North Africa 373,04 778,36 2,09
Slovakia 47,45 99,03 2,09
Other Oceania 18,44 38,58 2,09
Middle East 1659,40 3494,90 2,11
Colombia 152,55 321,66 2,11
Poland 267,80 566,71 2,12
Other South America 494,03 1046,03 2,12
Other Middle East 591,64 1254,12 2,12
Cuba 43,13 91,56 2,12
Costa Rica 28,87 62,15 2,15
Estonia 12,69 27,34 2,16
Thailand 212,01 460,53 2,17
Malta 6,20 13,48 2,17
Romania 99,14 217,06 2,19
Iraq 94,36 207,00 2,19
Lithuania 21,68 47,67 2,20
Honduras 10,97 24,33 2,22
Botswana 7,50 16,65 2,22
Korea 732,42 1630,62 2,23
Morocco 50,37 112,29 2,23
Mauritius 6,07 13,54 2,23
Papua New Guinea 11,00 24,54 2,23
Former Soviet Union 926,51 2075,50 2,24
Bolivia 16,91 38,19 2,26
United Arab Emirates 171,79 388,77 2,26
Malawi 3,23 7,31 2,26
Pakistan 140,50 322,11 2,29
Albania 5,66 12,99 2,29
Cameroon 15,82 36,28 2,29
São Tomé and Principe 0,16 0,36 2,31
Africa 1116,89 2593,83 2,32
Egypt 170,63 402,06 2,36
Sudan 32,71 77,21 2,36
Bahrain 14,65 34,71 2,37
Kyrgyzstan 3,34 7,91 2,37
Jordan 17,32 41,20 2,38
Moldova 3,83 9,14 2,38
Belarus 24,68 58,91 2,39
Guinea 5,05 12,05 2,39
Nepal 11,11 26,61 2,39
Benin 5,88 14,18 2,41
Senegal 9,32 22,74 2,44
Sub-Saharan Africa 743,85 1815,47 2,44
Other West African Community 93,12 232,02 2,49
Kenya 31,85 79,57 2,50
Democratic Republic of Congo 17,76 44,49 2,51
Peru 85,12 214,85 2,52
Turkey 386,09 989,01 2,56
Mali 6,26 16,06 2,57
Ireland 145,27 373,16 2,57
Cabo Verde 0,74 1,92 2,59
Other Southeast Asia 144,57 377,29 2,61
Other Sub-Saharan Africa 284,64 746,03 2,62
Dominican Republic 34,07 89,32 2,62
Niger 4,58 12,15 2,65
Malaysia 136,20 363,72 2,67
Singapore 128,83 345,71 2,68
Other Asia Oceania 232,07 622,86 2,68
Sri Lanka 34,07 92,18 2,71
Other South Asia 52,41 143,15 2,73
Southeast Asia 1096,57 3005,59 2,74
Asia and Oceania 10687,65 29673,72 2,78
Indonesia 376,49 1049,34 2,79
Maldives 1,88 5,25 2,79
Angola 38,83 109,80 2,83
Georgia 6,27 17,79 2,84
East Asia 7572,18 21493,12 2,84
Asia 9711,86 27942,29 2,88
Philippines 136,76 395,93 2,90
Sierra Leone 1,73 5,09 2,94
Nigeria 171,63 510,98 2,98
Burkina Faso 5,01 15,03 3,00
Zambia 7,75 24,14 3,11
Panama 20,52 64,03 3,12
Ghana 19,00 61,47 3,24
Bangladesh 79,27 261,52 3,30
South Asia 1043,10 3443,58 3,30
Afghanistan 6,61 21,90 3,31
Chad 3,16 10,53 3,33
Uganda 11,75 39,54 3,36
Tanzania 17,67 60,31 3,41
Other Former Soviet Union 153,62 528,22 3,44
Armenia 3,74 12,87 3,44
Kazakhstan 60,27 211,11 3,50
Vietnam 71,61 251,21 3,51
Mozambique 5,16 18,16 3,52
India 770,92 2716,81 3,52
Uzbekistan 28,42 100,97 3,55
Mongolia 3,82 14,11 3,70
Other East Asia 16,66 63,84 3,83
Djibouti 0,80 3,06 3,83
Macau 12,84 49,72 3,87
Laos 4,70 18,30 3,90
Asia Less Japan 5880,65 23326,24 3,97
Bhutan 0,61 2,46 4,01
Liberia 0,77 3,17 4,09
Tajikistan 2,37 10,37 4,38
Equatorial Guinea 2,28 10,03 4,39
Cambodia 5,37 23,74 4,42
Rwanda 2,54 11,24 4,43
East Asia Less Japan 3740,98 16877,07 4,51
Turkmenistan 9,80 45,69 4,66
Azerbaijan 10,90 53,46 4,90
Qatar 32,69 169,99 5,20
Ethiopia 16,36 89,57 5,48
China 2553,31 14317,78 5,61
Myanmar 13,55 83,82 6,19

 

Lista alkuperäisenä

Country 1999 2019 Kerroin
World 45655,72 83881,55 1,84
World Less USA 32810,14 64103,49 1,95
North America 14203,05 21653,46 1,52
Canada 997,73 1681,59 1,69
United States 13205,33 19971,86 1,51
Latin America 3210,74 5289,91 1,65
Mexico 834,64 1254,60 1,50
Other Caribbean Central America 346,73 608,98 1,76
Antigua and Barbuda 1,01 1,63 1,62
Bahamas 10,31 12,21 1,18
Barbados 4,22 4,82 1,14
Belize 0,94 1,80 1,92
Costa Rica 28,87 62,15 2,15
Cuba 43,13 91,56 2,12
Dominica 0,42 0,56 1,33
Dominican Republic 34,07 89,32 2,62
El Salvador 17,35 25,77 1,49
Grenada 0,68 1,16 1,70
Guatemala 35,74 70,51 1,97
Haiti 7,09 9,00 1,27
Honduras 10,97 24,33 2,22
Jamaica 12,74 14,91 1,17
Nicaragua 7,04 12,89 1,83
Panama 20,52 64,03 3,12
Puerto Rico 96,42 95,63 0,99
St. Kitts Nevis 0,61 0,98 1,62
St. Lucia 1,46 2,03 1,39
St. Vincent Grenadines 0,53 0,80 1,50
Trinidad and Tobago 12,60 22,89 1,82
South America 2029,37 3426,33 1,69
Argentina 398,79 570,47 1,43
Brazil 1136,55 1809,84 1,59
Other South America 494,03 1046,03 2,12
Bolivia 16,91 38,19 2,26
Chile 126,51 263,71 2,08
Colombia 152,55 321,66 2,11
Ecuador 52,80 101,74 1,93
Guyana 2,06 3,68 1,79
Paraguay 21,28 40,91 1,92
Peru 85,12 214,85 2,52
Suriname 2,67 4,68 1,75
Uruguay 34,13 56,60 1,66
Venezuela 359,76 193,80 0,54
Europe 13851,47 19100,24 1,38
European Union 28 13000,25 17853,11 1,37
Euro Zone 9194,87 12036,51 1,31
European Union 15 12209,82 16306,99 1,34
Belgium Luxembourg 387,98 556,67 1,43
Austria 300,91 415,69 1,38
Belgium 352,49 491,83 1,40
Denmark 253,44 334,21 1,32
Finland 185,32 254,78 1,37
France 1968,44 2605,32 1,32
Germany 2750,95 3594,11 1,31
Greece 194,43 206,82 1,06
Ireland 145,27 373,16 2,57
Italy 1774,20 1911,49 1,08
Luxembourg 35,48 64,84 1,83
Netherlands 618,11 840,66 1,36
Portugal 186,21 220,69 1,19
Spain 922,35 1322,40 1,43
Sweden 348,20 545,56 1,57
United Kingdom 2174,02 3125,43 1,44
Recently Acceded Countries 790,43 1546,12 1,96
Bulgaria 28,61 57,97 2,03
Croatia 37,78 55,88 1,48
Cyprus 14,62 23,67 1,62
Czech Republic 120,66 210,70 1,75
Estonia 12,69 27,34 2,16
Hungary 87,76 146,41 1,67
Latvia 14,90 30,50 2,05
Lithuania 21,68 47,67 2,20
Malta 6,20 13,48 2,17
Poland 267,80 566,71 2,12
Romania 99,14 217,06 2,19
Slovakia 47,45 99,03 2,09
Slovenia 31,14 49,69 1,60
Other Europe 851,21 1247,13 1,47
Other Western Europe 807,11 1159,39 1,44
Iceland 11,11 20,51 1,85
Norway 293,46 408,81 1,39
Switzerland 502,54 730,07 1,45
Other Central Europe 44,11 87,74 1,99
Albania 5,66 12,99 2,29
Bosnia and Herzegovina 9,47 18,17 1,92
Macedonia 6,36 11,13 1,75
Serbia 22,61 45,45 2,01
Former Soviet Union 926,51 2075,50 2,24
Russia 709,48 1445,49 2,04
Ukraine 63,41 101,80 1,61
Other Former Soviet Union 153,62 528,22 3,44
Armenia 3,74 12,87 3,44
Azerbaijan 10,90 53,46 4,90
Belarus 24,68 58,91 2,39
Georgia 6,27 17,79 2,84
Kazakhstan 60,27 211,11 3,50
Kyrgyzstan 3,34 7,91 2,37
Moldova 3,83 9,14 2,38
Tajikistan 2,37 10,37 4,38
Turkmenistan 9,80 45,69 4,66
Uzbekistan 28,42 100,97 3,55
Asia and Oceania 10687,65 29673,72 2,78
Asia 9711,86 27942,29 2,88
Asia Less Japan 5880,65 23326,24 3,97
East Asia 7572,18 21493,12 2,84
East Asia Less Japan 3740,98 16877,07 4,51
China 2553,31 14317,78 5,61
Hong Kong 166,73 333,46 2,00
Japan 3814,54 4552,22 1,19
Korea 732,42 1630,62 2,23
Taiwan 288,52 595,21 2,06
Other East Asia 16,66 63,84 3,83
Macau 12,84 49,72 3,87
Mongolia 3,82 14,11 3,70
Southeast Asia 1096,57 3005,59 2,74
Cambodia 5,37 23,74 4,42
Indonesia 376,49 1049,34 2,79
Malaysia 136,20 363,72 2,67
Myanmar 13,55 83,82 6,19
Philippines 136,76 395,93 2,90
Thailand 212,01 460,53 2,17
Vietnam 71,61 251,21 3,51
Other Southeast Asia 144,57 377,29 2,61
Brunei 11,03 13,28 1,20
Laos 4,70 18,30 3,90
Singapore 128,83 345,71 2,68
South Asia 1043,10 3443,58 3,30
Bangladesh 79,27 261,52 3,30
India 770,92 2716,81 3,52
Pakistan 140,50 322,11 2,29
Other South Asia 52,41 143,15 2,73
Afghanistan 6,61 21,90 3,31
Bhutan 0,61 2,46 4,01
Nepal 11,11 26,61 2,39
Sri Lanka 34,07 92,18 2,71
Oceania 975,80 1731,43 1,77
Australia 841,86 1491,61 1,77
New Zealand 115,50 201,23 1,74
Other Oceania 18,44 38,58 2,09
Fiji 3,38 5,29 1,57
Maldives 1,88 5,25 2,79
Papua New Guinea 11,00 24,54 2,23
Samoa 0,53 0,87 1,63
Solomon Islands 0,80 1,32 1,65
Tonga 0,34 0,44 1,28
Vanuatu 0,50 0,87 1,74
Other Asia Oceania 232,07 622,86 2,68
Middle East 1659,40 3494,90 2,11
Iran 241,23 366,19 1,52
Iraq 94,36 207,00 2,19
Saudi Arabia 346,09 678,58 1,96
Turkey 386,09 989,01 2,56
Other Middle East 591,64 1254,12 2,12
Bahrain 14,65 34,71 2,37
Israel 175,64 345,66 1,97
Jordan 17,32 41,20 2,38
Kuwait 58,51 114,23 1,95
Lebanon 25,54 47,32 1,85
Oman 38,66 73,68 1,91
Qatar 32,69 169,99 5,20
Syria 22,78 19,13 0,84
United Arab Emirates 171,79 388,77 2,26
Yemen 34,05 19,42 0,57
Africa 1116,89 2593,83 2,32
North Africa 373,04 778,36 2,09
Egypt 170,63 402,06 2,36
Morocco 50,37 112,29 2,23
Other North Africa 152,05 264,00 1,74
Algeria 93,04 177,35 1,91
Libya 34,06 40,47 1,19
Tunisia 24,95 46,17 1,85
Sub-Saharan Africa 743,85 1815,47 2,44
Nigeria 171,63 510,98 2,98
South Africa 194,45 326,44 1,68
Other West African Community 93,12 232,02 2,49
Benin 5,88 14,18 2,41
Burkina Faso 5,01 15,03 3,00
Cabo Verde 0,74 1,92 2,59
Côte d’Ivoire 30,72 60,16 1,96
Gambia 0,89 1,63 1,83
Ghana 19,00 61,47 3,24
Guinea 5,05 12,05 2,39
Guinea-Bissau 0,66 1,28 1,95
Liberia 0,77 3,17 4,09
Mali 6,26 16,06 2,57
Niger 4,58 12,15 2,65
Senegal 9,32 22,74 2,44
Sierra Leone 1,73 5,09 2,94
Togo 2,51 5,09 2,03
Other Sub-Saharan Africa 284,64 746,03 2,62
Angola 38,83 109,80 2,83
Botswana 7,50 16,65 2,22
Burundi 1,97 3,21 1,63
Cameroon 15,82 36,28 2,29
Central African Republic 1,72 1,98 1,15
Chad 3,16 10,53 3,33
Democratic Republic of Congo 17,76 44,49 2,51
Djibouti 0,80 3,06 3,83
Equatorial Guinea 2,28 10,03 4,39
Eritrea 3,70 5,10 1,38
Ethiopia 16,36 89,57 5,48
Gabon 9,88 15,38 1,56
Kenya 31,85 79,57 2,50
Lesotho 1,34 2,49 1,86
Madagascar 7,36 13,41 1,82
Malawi 3,23 7,31 2,26
Mauritania 3,55 6,99 1,97
Mauritius 6,07 13,54 2,23
Mozambique 5,16 18,16 3,52
Namibia 5,39 11,16 2,07
Republic of Congo 4,15 8,22 1,98
Rwanda 2,54 11,24 4,43
São Tomé and Principe 0,16 0,36 2,31
Seychelles 0,87 1,63 1,87
Sudan 32,71 77,21 2,36
Swaziland/Eswatini 2,51 4,36 1,73
Tanzania 17,67 60,31 3,41
Uganda 11,75 39,54 3,36
Zambia 7,75 24,14 3,11
Zimbabwe 20,80 20,29 0,98

Lähteenä käytetty:

https://www.ers.usda.gov/data-products/international-macroeconomic-data-set/international-macroeconomic-data-set/#Historical%20Data%20Files

 

0
auvorouvinen
Vasemmistoliitto Kitee
Ehdolla kuntavaaleissa

Ilmoita asiaton viesti

Kiitos!

Ilmoitus asiattomasta sisällöstä on vastaanotettu